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The Refinery is a building used for crafting recipes involving fluids. Most notably, this includes recipes transforming Crude Oil Crude Oil into Rubber Rubber, Plastic Plastic, or Fuel Fuel, but it is also used as part of advanced production recipes, such as refining Bauxite Bauxite into Alumina Solution Alumina Solution and then further into Aluminum Scrap Aluminum Scrap. It has one Pipeline and one Conveyor Belt connectors for both input and output, allowing for the production and consumption of recipes involving fluids and/or solid items.

The Refinery is noteworthy for producing by-products as part of its process. For example, refining Crude Oil into Rubber produces Heavy Oil Residue Heavy Oil Residue, which must be dealt with, or else production of the primary output will stop.


Recipe NameCrafting Time (sec)IngredientsProducts
Alumina Solution612x Bauxite Bauxite120/min
18x Water Water180/min
12x Alumina Solution Alumina Solution120/min
5x Silica Silica50/min
Aluminum Scrap14x Alumina Solution Alumina Solution240/min
2x Coal Coal120/min
6x Aluminum Scrap Aluminum Scrap360/min
2x Water Water120/min
alt Coated Cable85x Wire Wire37.5/min
2x Heavy Oil Residue Heavy Oil Residue15/min
9x Cable Cable67.5/min
alt Diluted Packaged Fuel21x Heavy Oil Residue Heavy Oil Residue30/min
2x Packaged Water Packaged Water60/min
2x Packaged Fuel Packaged Fuel60/min
alt Electrode - Aluminum Scrap412x Alumina Solution Alumina Solution180/min
4x Petroleum Coke Petroleum Coke60/min
20x Aluminum Scrap Aluminum Scrap300/min
7x Water Water105/min
Fuel66x Crude Oil Crude Oil60/min
4x Fuel Fuel40/min
3x Polymer Resin Polymer Resin30/min
alt Heavy Oil Residue63x Crude Oil Crude Oil30/min
4x Heavy Oil Residue Heavy Oil Residue40/min
2x Polymer Resin Polymer Resin20/min
Liquid Biofuel46x Solid Biofuel Solid Biofuel90/min
3x Water Water45/min
4x Liquid Biofuel Liquid Biofuel60/min
Petroleum Coke64x Heavy Oil Residue Heavy Oil Residue40/min
12x Petroleum Coke Petroleum Coke120/min
Plastic63x Crude Oil Crude Oil30/min
2x Plastic Plastic20/min
1x Heavy Oil Residue Heavy Oil Residue10/min
Polyester Fabric21x Polymer Resin Polymer Resin30/min
1x Water Water30/min
1x Fabric Fabric30/min
alt Polymer Resin66x Crude Oil Crude Oil60/min
13x Polymer Resin Polymer Resin130/min
2x Heavy Oil Residue Heavy Oil Residue20/min
alt Pure Caterium Ingot52x Caterium Ore Caterium Ore24/min
2x Water Water24/min
1x Caterium Ingot Caterium Ingot12/min
alt Pure Copper Ingot246x Copper Ore Copper Ore15/min
4x Water Water10/min
15x Copper Ingot Copper Ingot37.5/min
alt Pure Iron Ingot127x Iron Ore Iron Ore35/min
4x Water Water20/min
13x Iron Ingot Iron Ingot65/min
alt Pure Quartz Crystal89x Raw Quartz Raw Quartz67.5/min
5x Water Water37.5/min
7x Quartz Crystal Quartz Crystal52.5/min
alt Recycled Plastic126x Rubber Rubber30/min
6x Fuel Fuel30/min
12x Plastic Plastic60/min
alt Recycled Rubber126x Plastic Plastic30/min
6x Fuel Fuel30/min
12x Rubber Rubber60/min
Residual Fuel66x Heavy Oil Residue Heavy Oil Residue60/min
4x Fuel Fuel40/min
Residual Plastic66x Polymer Resin Polymer Resin60/min
2x Water Water20/min
2x Plastic Plastic20/min
Residual Rubber64x Polymer Resin Polymer Resin40/min
4x Water Water40/min
2x Rubber Rubber20/min
Rubber63x Crude Oil Crude Oil30/min
2x Rubber Rubber20/min
2x Heavy Oil Residue Heavy Oil Residue20/min
alt Sloppy Alumina310x Bauxite Bauxite200/min
10x Water Water200/min
12x Alumina Solution Alumina Solution240/min
Smokeless Powder62x Black Powder Black Powder20/min
1x Heavy Oil Residue Heavy Oil Residue10/min
2x Smokeless Powder Smokeless Powder20/min
alt Steamed Copper Sheet83x Copper Ingot Copper Ingot22.5/min
3x Water Water22.5/min
3x Copper Sheet Copper Sheet22.5/min
Sulfuric Acid65x Sulfur Sulfur50/min
5x Water Water50/min
5x Sulfuric Acid Sulfuric Acid50/min
alt Turbo Heavy Fuel85x Heavy Oil Residue Heavy Oil Residue37.5/min
4x Compacted Coal Compacted Coal30/min
4x Turbofuel Turbofuel30/min
Turbofuel166x Fuel Fuel22.5/min
4x Compacted Coal Compacted Coal15/min
5x Turbofuel Turbofuel18.8/min
alt Wet Concrete36x Limestone Limestone120/min
5x Water Water100/min
4x Concrete Concrete80/min


Main article: Clock speed

The Refinery can be overclocked using Power Shards. Overclocking increases the input/output speed of the Refinery at the cost of exponentially increased power demand.

Clock speed 25% 50% 75% 100% 150% 200% 250%
Consumption (MW) 4.8 12 20.51 30 51.27 75 100.73


A Refinery stops working if any of its output, whether the belt slot or the fluid slot, is fully backed up if the recipe involves by-products. To keep the refinery running, BOTH its products must be constantly removed from it.

Head lift[]

Main article: Head lift

A Refinery has a recommended head lift of 10 meters, measured from the center of its pipe outlet.


  • Oil-product refining is a multistage process, and the uses of specific machines tend to change. A useful technique is to wrap a stack of belts and pipes up one side of a row of Refineries, around the far end and down the other side, with the output side of the Refineries facing toward the origin of the belt. This way, individual Refineries can be easily reconnected to different inputs and outputs, and any Refinery in the complex can draw from the output of any other.
  • Placing Refineries in the center of a 5-foundation-wide slab and running input/output manifolds through the center of the outermost foundations places them at the perfect distance to be reached by a Conveyor Lift or vertical pipe branch.



  • Patch 0.3.6:
    • New visuals
      • Slightly smaller size (width from 12 m to 10 m and height from 30 m to 21 m), can now clip through part of the smokestack
    • Moved packaging and unpackaging recipes to the Packager
      • Existing Refineries will continue to work, but it will not be possible to select the recipes on newly built ones
      • Diluted Packaged Fuel wasn't moved as it is not just a packaging recipe (Heavy Oil Residue is being refined to Fuel)
  • Patch Reduced power consumption from 50 to 30 MW
  • Patch Fixed position
  • Patch 0.3:
    • Renamed to Refinery.
    • Now is used to refine other fluids besides Crude Oil
    • Now can package and unpackage liquids
    • Some recipes now produce by-products
    • Added a Pipeline in/output.
  • Patch 0.1.9: Adjusted alignments of input and output
  • Patch 0.1.5:
    • Changed crafting cost from 2 Heavy Modular Frame, 5 Motor, and 20 Cable to 4 Heavy Modular Frame, 8 Motor, and 25 Cable
    • Changed length and width from 22x13m to 20x12m

See also[]